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Jesus Christ is LORD or YHWH, in the Old Testament

2. Proving Jesus is LORD YHWH in Old Testament

consistent language of words

In the Old Testament we see the Hebrew word 'Adown' which means:-

  • (1) 'master' or 'lord'
  • (2) 'master'
  • (3) 'lord'

    Which of these three possible meanings depends upon how language words work...Do language words change meanings depending upon context...The answer is No. See studies on translations.

    In any language a word meaning remains basically the same, regardless of the context. Consider this example of language in German..

    Ge 1:1 ¶ Am Anfang schuf Gott Himmel und Erde (LGB)

    In this example from Luther's German Bible, does the word 'Erde' change in meaning?

    Ge 6:11 ¶ Aber die Erde war verderbt vor Gottes Augen und voll Frevels. (LGB)

    The earth was corrupt - no change in meaning.

    Ge 21:34 Und er war ein Fremdling in der Philister Lande eine lange Zeit. (LGB)

    The Hebrew word here is 'erets' meaning 'earth' not land. The German changes the word because their word is not as broad as Hebrew is... which means the 'land travels' and can mean earth (all the lands) or land (some of the lands).

    So in just a simply example here, while Hebrew has broad meanings, and German words also have meanings, both languages have basic meanings for every word in their language.

    Consider another example , this time where Hebrew does have multiple meanings (this is uncommon though) :-

  • Ge 2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father (ab) and his mother,...
  • Ge 2:24 Darum wird ein Mann Vater und Mutter...

    The Hebrew word 'ab' also means 'fruit'...

  • Da 4:12 The leaves thereof were fair, and the fruit (ab) thereof much,...
  • Da 4:12 [9] Seine Äste waren schön und trugen viel Früchte,...

    Notice the German words 'Fruchte; meaning 'fruit' is consistent...but this word does not have multiple meanings unlike the Hebrew word 'ab' for father/fruit. Thus in this simple example of a different language, words have consistent meaning.

    Adown compared in KJV, author and German

    Now let's compare 'Adown' using KJV, author and German versions...

  • Ex 21:8 If she please not her master, ...(KJV)

  • Ex 21:8 If she please not her Lord, ...(author)

  • Ex 21:8 Gefällt sie aber ihrem Herrn ,...,...(LGB)

    KJV wrong, Author correct, German correct.

  • Ge 24:9 And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his master, ..... (KJV)

  • Ge 24:9 And the servant put his hand under the thigh of Abraham his Lord, ..... (author)

  • 9 Da legte der Knecht seine Hand unter die Hüfte Abrahams, seines Herrn, ...... (LGB)

    KJV wrong, Author correct, German correct.

  • Ge 24:12 And he said, O LORD God of my master Abraham, ....(KJV)

  • Ge 24:12 And he said, O LORD God of my Lord Abraham, ....(author)

  • 12 und sprach: HERR, du Gott meines Herrn Abraham,....(LGB)

    KJV wrong, Author correct, German correct.

  • Mt 8:19 And a certain scribe came, and said unto him, Master,.... (KJV)

  • Mt 8:19 And a certain scribe came, and said unto him, Lord,.... (author)

  • 19 Und es trat zu ihm ein Schriftgelehrter, der sprach zu ihm: Meister, ..... (LGB)

    KJV wrong, Author correct, German (suspect a new German word , meaning master?)

  • Lu 21:7 And they asked him, saying, Master, but when shall these things be? (KJV)

  • Lu 21:7 And they asked him, saying, Lord, but when shall these things be? (author)

  • 7 Sie fragten ihn aber und sprachen: Meister, wann soll das werden?(LGB)

    KJV wrong, Author correct, German (suspect a new German word , meaning master?)

  • Col 4:1 ¶ Masters, give unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Master in heaven. (KJV)

  • Col 4:1 ¶ Lords, give unto your servants that which is just and equal; knowing that ye also have a Lord in heaven. (author)

  • 1 ¶ Ihr Herren, was recht und billig ist, das beweiset den Knechten, und wisset, daß ihr auch einen HERRN im Himmel habt. (LGB)

    KJV wrong, Author correct, German correct !

  • Ps 8:1 'To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.' O LORD our Lord, .. (KJV)

  • Ps 8:1 'To the chief Musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.' O LORD our Lord, .. (author)

  • Ps 8: 1 Ein Psalm Davids, vorzusingen, auf der Gittith. [2] HERR,..(LGB)

    KJV correct, Author correct, German correct

  • Ps 136:3 O give thanks to the Lord of lords: . (KJV)

  • Ps 136:3 O give thanks to the Lord of lords: . (author)

  • Ps 136: 3 Danket dem HERRN aller Herren...(LGB)

    KJV correct, Author correct, German correct

    Can the reader begin to see why the Author is concerned? At least the German uses perhaps different words and it consistent in translation, the KJV is not consistent in translation of Hebrew into English. See studies on translations.

    Adown means 'Lord'

    So using this simple child like theory of faith, that in any language a word has a basic meaning for all context...it becomes easier to study hundreds of verses and assess a single meaning for every context.

    The broad meaning of 'adown' in the Old Testament is "one who rules over a community" or a 'Lord'.

    The specific examples relating to a heavenly Being, can only be Lord Jesus, a member of the Godhead, who rules over His redeemed especially. Consider these examples:-

    (1) Ex 23:17 "man" shall appear before the Lord (adown) GOD (YHWH) More info

    (2) De 10:17 and Lord (adown) of lords (adown) More info

    (3) .. my lord (adown) the king .. More info

    (4) Ne 8:10 ..is holy unto our Lord (adown) .. More info

    (5) Ps 8:9 O LORD our Lord (adown) , More info

    (6) Ps 110:1 The LORD said unto my Lord (adown) ..More info

    (7) Ps 135:5 .. and that our Lord (adown) is above all gods More info

    (8) Ps 136:3 O give thanks to the Lord (adown) of lords (adown) More info

    (9) Isa 1:24 Therefore saith the Lord (adown) , the LORD of hosts More info

    (10) Isa 10:16 Therefore shall the Lord (adown) , the Lord of hosts More info

    (11) Zec 4:14 .. stand by the Lord (adown) of the whole earth More info

    (12) Mal 3:1 Behold, I will send my messenger .. and the Lord (adown) ..More info

    Consider an earthly king, would we reference King David as our 'master'? No

    Consider a heavenly king, would we reference King Jesus as our 'master'? No

    A different theory of faith looking at the heavenly Adown might see an angel ? But angels were never kings, and referenced with YHWH, except poor translations as the term 'malak YHWH' which really means 'messenger of YHWH'. The Hebrew word for an angel is 'cherub' not 'malak'.

    The word 'adown' cannot refer to a heavenly Father either... Here is a New Testament word that has both king and father in it:-

  • Mt 25:34 Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come, ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world:

    The King here is King Jesus, on the right hand of His heavenly Father...what is King Jesus' kingdom ? Earth is, and His kingdom? His redeemed... would it be a better theory of faith, for a King to plan His kingdom from the beginning of time?

  • Da 7:9 ¶ I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of days did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his wheels as burning fire.
  • 10 A fiery stream issued and came forth from before him: thousand thousands ministered unto him, and ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him: the judgment was set, and the books were opened.
  • 11 I beheld then because of the voice of the great words which the horn spake: I beheld even till the beast was slain, and his body destroyed, and given to the burning flame.
  • 12 As concerning the rest of the beasts, they had their dominion taken away: yet their lives were prolonged for a season and time.
  • 13 I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him.
  • 14 And there was given him dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all people, nations, and languages, should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed.

    Those who have a theory of faith, that the heavenly Father is the only Divine Being in heaven...say this 'son of man' is an angel ? Which angel is a king with a kingdom, with the redeemed for his kingdom ? Makes no sense...a better theory of faith is to consider the 'son of man' is Lord Adonay Jesus, who is given a kingdom by His heavenly Father, the ancient of days.

    See detailed studies of "Adown" , where hundreds of verses show us the meaning of 'adown' as 'lord'. Every Scripture verse is studied, many with comments where appropriate.

    On the next web page we shall study the Old Testament examples that Jesus is 'Lord Adonay YHWH'.

    Jesus Christ theme

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